Who Is Mister Putin? Anastasia Kirilenko in Washington, DC

May 06 2016

On April 27, 2016, Hudson Institute’s Kleptocracy Initiative hosted U.S. screening and the English-language premiere of the film “Who Is Mr. Putin?”

Based on investigations by independent journalists Anastasia Kirilenko and Vladimir Ivanidze, the film documents the origins of Russian President Vladimir Putin’s private wealth and subsequent rise to power. The screening was followed by a short panel discussion, moderated by Hudson Senior Fellow David Satter, featuring Anastasia Kirilenko, Karen Dawisha, and Ilya Zaslavskiy.

In December 2015, the film, chronicling Putin’s ascent from the St. Petersburg mayor’s office to the presidency, was placed on Radio Liberty’s site without English subtitles and has already gained over 2 million views on the Radio’s YouTube account.

The film has been lauded by Russian and Western experts for demonstrating how Putin’s ascension to the Russian presidency is explained by an alliance built in the early 1990s between himself, close friends from Leningrad’s KGB, and organized crime groups.

The movie Who is Mr. Putin? attracted the interest of a whole spectrum policy makers and experts and got positive reviews in Washington’s press immediately after the event at Hudson Institute. The screening itself was attended by a various audience and the direct question what the authors expect from Americans to help to combat Russian corruption, was asked. “True change should come from Russia,” said Kirilenko, stressing that it was a 100% Russian production (by Russians residing abroad) and that 2015 was the year of investigations in Russia. She also pointed out that this trend continues and the comprehension of the reality depicted in the film, also confirmed recently in Panama Papers, starts to gradually progress in Russia, especially among intellectuals.

At the panel, Zaslavskiy pointed out this film and investigation behind it show that Putin likes the scheme that Russian organized crime calls – “krugovaya poruka” – that is collective (mutual) gang responsibility. By implicating many people in particular chains of criminal activity, such as his boss mayor Anatoliy Sobchak, Putin made people dependent on himself. He also observed that Putin has employed some of the criminal encroachments on the free market in the energy sector of St. Petersburg, schemes that were later used as a template all around Russia and beyond it.

Karen Dawisha, author of Putin’s Kleptocracy: Who Owns Russia? which was a ground-breaking book in western academic world exposing criminal elements inside Russia’s political system, made remarks about current activities of some of the people mentioned in the film and their associates that demonstrate that they are well-connected with the current regime and even exert their influence in high-level international organizations.

Karen Dawisha mentioned among others one character in the movie, a close Putin’s friend Vladimir Smirnov, which links to criminal gang Tambovskaya was subjected to journalistic and Prosecutor’s investigations, especially in Germany. He’s also responsible for the export of Russian nuclear contracts. “And this man is responsible for signing intergovernmental nuclear treaties with the US,” she said.

David Satter, the author of Darkness Before Dawn: The Rise of the Russian Criminal State and other renowned books, made remarks about continuous criminal features of the Putin’s regime that have been evident from early 1990’s to nowadays, including the mid-2000s that he researched through a series of investigations and films.

13077016_1706043676301295_7789722572273982549_n

Apart from these events organized by Kleptocracy Initiative, Anastasia Kirilenko, leading journalist behind film’s investigation, and Ilya Zaslavskiy, expert of Free Russia Foundation who specializes in Russia’s export of corrosive practices to the West, saw many representatives of DC’s policy-making community. All these meetings have been organized by Free Russia Foundation and aimed to communicate nature of Putin’s regime to experts in the national capital.

During these visits of to several think-tanks, pro-democracy organizations and places relevant subjects were raised and discussed, from very general to very specific ones. For example, the current Russian civil society’s situation, how Americans can help active Russians to educate themselves or to undertake their democratic projects despite repressive environment which saw American foundations expelled en masse from Russia and denigrated by propaganda. Kirilenko and Zaslavskiy stressed that many activists have already left Russia after protest rallies in 2012 were crushed and especially after the annexation of Crimea, when some activists were forced to leave due to fabricated criminal proceedings against them. Kirilenko and Zaslavskiy suggested that the criteria for eligibility for educational or other grants might be changed and that Russian activists living abroad should be more engaged with western counterparts.

The importance of the project of the Kleptocracy archive (Hudson Institute) and its part dedicated to Russian corrupt officials, was also underlined in the context of the importance of investigations when the press in Russia is not free. Kleptocracy can hardly be uncovered by Russian journalists themselves and last courageous media outlets and journalists personally experience great troubles and threats.

At the end of their round of meeting in Washington, Kirilenko and Zaslavskiy were recorded in two interviews, one in English at Voice of America, and one in Russian on Current Time TV program.

 

Based on investigations by independent journalists Anastasia Kirilenko and Vladimir Ivanidze, the film documents the origins of Russian President Vladimir Putin’s private wealth and subsequent rise to power. The screening was followed by a short panel discussion, moderated by Hudson Senior Fellow David Satter, featuring Anastasia Kirilenko, Karen Dawisha, and Ilya Zaslavskiy.

In December 2015, the film, chronicling Putin’s ascent from the St. Petersburg mayor’s office to the presidency, was placed on Radio Liberty’s site without English subtitles and has already gained over 2 million views on the Radio’s YouTube account.

The film has been lauded by Russian and Western experts for demonstrating how Putin’s ascension to the Russian presidency is explained by an alliance built in the early 1990s between himself, close friends from Leningrad’s KGB, and organized crime groups.

The movie Who is Mr. Putin? attracted the interest of a whole spectrum policy makers and experts and got positive reviews in Washington’s press immediately after the event at Hudson Institute. The screening itself was attended by a various audience and the direct question what the authors expect from Americans to help to combat Russian corruption, was asked. “True change should come from Russia,” said Kirilenko, stressing that it was a 100% Russian production (by Russians residing abroad) and that 2015 was the year of investigations in Russia. She also pointed out that this trend continues and the comprehension of the reality depicted in the film, also confirmed recently in Panama Papers, starts to gradually progress in Russia, especially among intellectuals.

At the panel, Zaslavskiy pointed out this film and investigation behind it show that Putin likes the scheme that Russian organized crime calls – “krugovaya poruka” – that is collective (mutual) gang responsibility. By implicating many people in particular chains of criminal activity, such as his boss mayor Anatoliy Sobchak, Putin made people dependent on himself. He also observed that Putin has employed some of the criminal encroachments on the free market in the energy sector of St. Petersburg, schemes that were later used as a template all around Russia and beyond it.

Karen Dawisha, author of Putin’s Kleptocracy: Who Owns Russia? which was a ground-breaking book in western academic world exposing criminal elements inside Russia’s political system, made remarks about current activities of some of the people mentioned in the film and their associates that demonstrate that they are well-connected with the current regime and even exert their influence in high-level international organizations.

Karen Dawisha mentioned among others one character in the movie, a close Putin’s friend Vladimir Smirnov, which links to criminal gang Tambovskaya was subjected to journalistic and Prosecutor’s investigations, especially in Germany. He’s also responsible for the export of Russian nuclear contracts. “And this man is responsible for signing intergovernmental nuclear treaties with the US,” she said.

David Satter, the author of Darkness Before Dawn: The Rise of the Russian Criminal State and other renowned books, made remarks about continuous criminal features of the Putin’s regime that have been evident from early 1990’s to nowadays, including the mid-2000s that he researched through a series of investigations and films.

13077016_1706043676301295_7789722572273982549_n

Apart from these events organized by Kleptocracy Initiative, Anastasia Kirilenko, leading journalist behind film’s investigation, and Ilya Zaslavskiy, expert of Free Russia Foundation who specializes in Russia’s export of corrosive practices to the West, saw many representatives of DC’s policy-making community. All these meetings have been organized by Free Russia Foundation and aimed to communicate nature of Putin’s regime to experts in the national capital.

During these visits of to several think-tanks, pro-democracy organizations and places relevant subjects were raised and discussed, from very general to very specific ones. For example, the current Russian civil society’s situation, how Americans can help active Russians to educate themselves or to undertake their democratic projects despite repressive environment which saw American foundations expelled en masse from Russia and denigrated by propaganda. Kirilenko and Zaslavskiy stressed that many activists have already left Russia after protest rallies in 2012 were crushed and especially after the annexation of Crimea, when some activists were forced to leave due to fabricated criminal proceedings against them. Kirilenko and Zaslavskiy suggested that the criteria for eligibility for educational or other grants might be changed and that Russian activists living abroad should be more engaged with western counterparts.

The importance of the project of the Kleptocracy archive (Hudson Institute) and its part dedicated to Russian corrupt officials, was also underlined in the context of the importance of investigations when the press in Russia is not free. Kleptocracy can hardly be uncovered by Russian journalists themselves and last courageous media outlets and journalists personally experience great troubles and threats.

At the end of their round of meeting in Washington, Kirilenko and Zaslavskiy were recorded in two interviews, one in English at Voice of America, and one in Russian on Current Time TV program.

 

Free Russia Foundation demands Navalny’s immediate release

Jan 17 2021

On January 17, 2021, Putin’s agents arrested Alexey Navalny as he returned to Russia from Germany where he was treated for a near-deadly poisoning perpetrated by state-directed assassins.

Navalny’s illegal arrest constitutes kidnapping. He is kept incommunicado from his lawyer and family at an unknown location and his life is in danger.

Free Russia Foundation demands his immediate release and an international investigation of crimes committed against him by Putin’s government.

The European Court of Human Rights Recognizes Complaints on Violations in “Ukraine v. Russia” as Admissible

Jan 14 2021

On January 14, 2021, the European Court of Human Rights published its decision on the case “Ukraine v. Russia”. The Grand Chamber of the Court has recognized complaints No. 20958/14 and No. 38334/18 as partially admissible for consideration on the merits. The decision will be followed by a judgment at a later date.

The case concerns the consideration of a violation of the European Convention on Human Rights related to Russia’s systematic administrative practices in Crimea. 

The admissibility of the case is based on the fact that, since 2014, the Russian Federation has exercised effective control over the territory of Crimea, and, accordingly, is fully responsible for compliance with the norms of the European Convention on Human Rights in Crimea. The Court now needs to determine the specific circumstances of the case and establish the facts regarding violations of Articles of the Convention during two periods: from February 27, 2014 to March 18, 2014 (the period of the Russian invasion); and from March 18, 2014 onward (the period during which the Russian Federation has exercised effective control over Crimea).

The Court has established that prima facie it has sufficient evidence of systematic administrative practice concerning the following circumstances:

  • forced rendition and the lack of an effective investigation into such a practice under Article 2; 
  • cruel treatment and unlawful detention under Articles 3 and 5; 
  • extending application of Russian law into Crimea with the result that, as of  February 27, 2014, the courts in Crimea could not be considered to have been “established by law” as defined by Article 6; 
  • automatic imposition of Russian citizenship and unreasonable searches of private dwellings under Article 8; 
  • harassment and intimidation of religious leaders not conforming to the Russian Orthodox faith, arbitrary raids of places of worship and confiscation of religious property under Article 9;
  • suppression of non-Russian media under Article 10; 
  • prohibition of public gatherings and manifestations of support, as well as intimidation and arbitrary detention of organizers of demonstrations under Article 11; 
  • expropriation without compensation of property from civilians and private enterprises under Article 1 of Protocol No. 1;
  • suppression of the Ukrainian language in schools and harassment of Ukrainian-speaking children under Article 2 of Protocol No. 1; 6 
  • restricting freedom of movement between Crimea and mainland Ukraine, resulting from the de facto transformation (by Russia) of the administrative delimitation into a border (between Russia and Ukraine) under Article 2 of Protocol No. 4; and, 
  • discriminating against Crimean Tatars under Article 14, taken in conjunction with Articles 8, 9, 10 and 11 of the Convention and with Article 2 of Protocol No. 4 to the Convention.

Cases between states are the rarest category considered by the ECHR. Almost all cases considered in Strasbourg concern individuals or organizations and involve illegal actions or inaction of the states’ parties to the Convention. However, Art. 33 of this Convention provides that “any High Contracting Party may refer to the Court the question of any alleged violation of the provisions of the Convention and its Protocols by another High Contracting Party.” In the entire history of the ECHR since 1953, there have been only 27 such cases. Two of them are joint cases against Russia, both of which concern the Russian Federation’s aggression on the territory of its neighboring states, Georgia and Ukraine.

New Year’s Blessings to All

Dec 30 2020

While 2020 gave us unprecedented challenges, it created transformative changes in the way we work and communicate. The hours of Zoom calls seemingly brought us all closer together as we got a glimpse into each other’s makeshift home offices along with interruption by kids and the family pets. Remote work also made us appreciate human interactions, in-person events and trips much more!

As 2020 comes to an end, we want to especially thank our supporters who continued to believe in our mission and the value of our hard work, and we hope the coming year brings all of us progress and growth for democracy throughout the world. We’d also like to thank our partners and staff in the U.S. and abroad, and we know how hard everyone has worked under difficult world changes to achieve so many of our objectives this year.

We send our best wishes to all who have stayed in the fight for democratic reforms and for the values of basic human rights. We look forward to a new year with the hope of many positive changes to come.

– Natalia Arno and the Free Russia Foundation team.

International Criminal Court Asks for Full Probe Into Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine

Dec 14 2020

On December 11, 2020, Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) Fatou Bensouda, issued a statement on the preliminary examination of the situation in Ukraine by the ICC Office of the Prosecutor.

According to the findings of the examination, the situation in Ukraine meets the statutory criteria to launch an investigation. The preliminary examination of the situation in Ukraine was opened on 24 April 2014.

Specifically, and without prejudice to any other crimes which may be identified during the course of an investigation, Office of the Prosecutor has concluded that there is a reasonable basis at this time to believe that a broad range of conduct constituting war crimes and crimes against humanity within the jurisdiction of the Court have been committed in the context of the situation in Ukraine.

These findings will be spelled out in more detail in the annual Report on Preliminary Examination Activities issued by the Office and include three broad clusters of victimization:

1.     crimes committed in the context of the conduct of hostilities;

2.     crimes committed during detentions;

3.     crimes committed in Crimea.

These crimes, committed by the different parties to the conflict, were sufficiently grave to warrant investigation by Office of the Prosecutor, both in quantitative and qualitative terms.

Having examined the information available, the Prosecutor concluded that the competent authorities in Ukraine and/or in the Russian Federation are either inactive in relation to the alleged perpetrators, or do not have access to them.

The next step will be to request authorization from the Judges of the Pre-Trial Chamber of the Court to open investigations.

The Prosecutor urges the international community, including the governments of Ukraine and Russia, to cooperate. This will determine how justice will be served both on domestic and the international level.

We remind you that on September 21, 2020, Free Russia Foundation sent a special Communication to the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (the Hague, the Netherlands) asking to bring Crimean and Russian authorities to justice for international crimes committed during the Russian occupation of Crimea.

Comment by Scott Martin (Global Rights Compliance LLP):

As Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda reaches the end of her tenure as Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, she announced yesterday that a reasonable basis existed to believe that a broad range of conduct constituting war crimes and crimes against humanity had been committed in relation to the situation in Ukraine. One of the most consequential preliminary examinations in the court’s short history, the Prosecutor will now request authorization from the ICC Pre-Trial Chamber to open a full investigation into the situation.

Anticipating that the Prosecutor’s request will be granted, the ICC Prosecutor’s office will be investigating the second group of alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity perpetrated by the Russian Federation (the situation in Georgia being the other). This would make Russia the only country in the world facing two separate investigations at the ICC for crimes under its jurisdiction.

Call for Submissions – The Kremlin’s Influence Quarterly vol. 3

Oct 26 2020

The Free Russia Foundation invites submissions to The Kremlins Influence Quarterly, a journal that explores and analyzes manifestations of the malign influence of Putin’s Russia in Europe.

We understand malign influence in the European context as a specific type of influence that directly or indirectly subverts and undermines European values and democratic institutions. We follow the Treaty on European Union in understanding European values that are the following: human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law, and respect for human rights. Democratic institutions are guardians of European values, and among them we highlight representative political parties; free and fair elections; an impartial justice system; free, independent and pluralistic media; and civil society.

Your contribution to The Kremlins Influence Quarterly would focus on one European country from the EU, Eastern Partnership or Western Balkans, and on one particular area where you want to explore Russian malign influence: politics, diplomacy, military domain, business, media, civil society, academia, religion, crime, or law.

Each chapter in The Kremlins Influence Quarterly should be around 5 thousand words including footnotes. The Free Russia Foundation offers an honorarium for contributions accepted for publication in the journal.

If you are interested in submitting a chapter, please send us a brief description of your chapter and its title (250 words) to the following e-mail address: info@4freerussia.org. Please put The Kremlin’s Influence Quarterly as a subject line of your message.