Free Russia Foundation releases a translation of a report on the Kremlin’s hybrid warfare

Jan 18 2019

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Contact: Natalia Arno, President
Phone: +1 202.549.2417
Email: natalia.arno@4freerussia.org

FREE RUSSIA FOUNDATION RELEASES A TRANSLATION OF A REPORT ON THE KREMLIN’S HYBRID WARFARE

The report by British Member of Parliament Bob Seely discusses how Russia engages in a broad campaign against the West and how to combat these new challenges.

Washington, DC, January 18, 2019.  Free Russia Foundation has released a Russian translation of a report by British Member of Parliament Bob Seely (Isle of Wight, UK) A Definition of Contemporary Russian Conflict: How does the Kremlin Wage War? (Russian translation is available at Дом Свободной России website)

The original report is available at Henry Jackson Society website.

“Too often, Russian citizens remain unaware of the geopolitical implications of Putin’s dangerous brinkmanship,” said Free Russia Foundation founder Natalia Arno. “We hope, that once this important report is published in Russian, it reaches a wider Russian speaking audience, and people in my native Russia, perhaps for the first time, will realize the political risks incurred on their behalf by Putin, as well as enormous budgets expended — the funds that could have been better spent on building schools, fixing roads and paying for pensions.”

Mr. Seely’s report defines the characteristics of a new style of the Kremlin’s hybrid war against the West. It discusses various tools and elements used by the Kremlin and examines the reasons why Russia is using them in its dealings with the West.

“The West faces a new kind of conflict where Russia combines the full range of its military and non-military tools in a dynamic, efficient and integrated way to achieve political aims,” writes Seely. “It is important that both Western but also Russian citizens understand the current and future nature of a form of aggressive competition/low-level conflict that goes by a variety of names such as non-conventional warfare, political warfare, grey zone war, and in the Cold War was known as Active Measures or, more vaguely, the Ideological Struggle.”

Mr. Seely who has previously conducted research at the Changing Character of War Programme at the University of Oxford (2017) and covered former Soviet Republics and Eastern Europe for The Times newspaper (1990-1994), sees strong links between the Kremlin’s current development of its ‘political warfare’ techniques and those of the old Soviet Union, and in particular the KGB’s active measures. Through his extensive interaction with the Russian people and studies of the Russian history, he has come to the conclusion that such confrontation with the West is a strategic mistake made by the Russian leadership and is not in the interest of the Russian people.

The study, originally published in English this past summer by the Henry Jackson Society’s Russia Studies Centre, has been translated by Free Russia Foundation and is now available in the Russian language.

Free Russia Foundation will host Mr. Seely for a discussion of his report at the U.S. Congress in Spring 2019.

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For more information, please visit Free Russia Foundation’s website, www.4freerussia.org, or contact Natalia Arno at +1 202.549.2417 or at natalia.arno@4freerussia.org.

 

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

Contact: Natalia Arno, President
Phone: +1 202.549.2417
Email: natalia.arno@4freerussia.org

FREE RUSSIA FOUNDATION RELEASES A TRANSLATION OF A REPORT ON THE KREMLIN’S HYBRID WARFARE

The report by British Member of Parliament Bob Seely discusses how Russia engages in a broad campaign against the West and how to combat these new challenges.

Washington, DC, January 18, 2019.  Free Russia Foundation has released a Russian translation of a report by British Member of Parliament Bob Seely (Isle of Wight, UK) A Definition of Contemporary Russian Conflict: How does the Kremlin Wage War? (Russian translation is available at Дом Свободной России website)

The original report is available at Henry Jackson Society website.

“Too often, Russian citizens remain unaware of the geopolitical implications of Putin’s dangerous brinkmanship,” said Free Russia Foundation founder Natalia Arno. “We hope, that once this important report is published in Russian, it reaches a wider Russian speaking audience, and people in my native Russia, perhaps for the first time, will realize the political risks incurred on their behalf by Putin, as well as enormous budgets expended — the funds that could have been better spent on building schools, fixing roads and paying for pensions.”

Mr. Seely’s report defines the characteristics of a new style of the Kremlin’s hybrid war against the West. It discusses various tools and elements used by the Kremlin and examines the reasons why Russia is using them in its dealings with the West.

“The West faces a new kind of conflict where Russia combines the full range of its military and non-military tools in a dynamic, efficient and integrated way to achieve political aims,” writes Seely. “It is important that both Western but also Russian citizens understand the current and future nature of a form of aggressive competition/low-level conflict that goes by a variety of names such as non-conventional warfare, political warfare, grey zone war, and in the Cold War was known as Active Measures or, more vaguely, the Ideological Struggle.”

Mr. Seely who has previously conducted research at the Changing Character of War Programme at the University of Oxford (2017) and covered former Soviet Republics and Eastern Europe for The Times newspaper (1990-1994), sees strong links between the Kremlin’s current development of its ‘political warfare’ techniques and those of the old Soviet Union, and in particular the KGB’s active measures. Through his extensive interaction with the Russian people and studies of the Russian history, he has come to the conclusion that such confrontation with the West is a strategic mistake made by the Russian leadership and is not in the interest of the Russian people.

The study, originally published in English this past summer by the Henry Jackson Society’s Russia Studies Centre, has been translated by Free Russia Foundation and is now available in the Russian language.

Free Russia Foundation will host Mr. Seely for a discussion of his report at the U.S. Congress in Spring 2019.

####

For more information, please visit Free Russia Foundation’s website, www.4freerussia.org, or contact Natalia Arno at +1 202.549.2417 or at natalia.arno@4freerussia.org.

 

Free Russia Foundation’s Press Release on Submission of Article 15 Communication to the International Criminal Court

Oct 06 2020

On 21 September 2020, the Free Russia Foundation submitted a Communication to the International Criminal Court Prosecutor’s Office (in The Hague, Netherlands) seeking accountability for Crimean and Russian authorities concerning international crimes perpetrated during Russia’s illegal occupation of Crimea. The Communication was prepared in cooperation with Global Rights Compliance and Center for Civil Liberties and is based on a focused inquiry conducted over the past year. In our inquiry, we documented crimes as part of a systematic, planned attack by the Russian state against civilians and groups in Crimea in order to discourage them from opposing the illegal occupation of Crimea and to force their departure from the peninsula. Crimes against civilians included unlawful arrests, beatings, torture, enforced disappearances, and other inhumane acts causing severe mental and/or physical pain. In particular, the crimes targeted the Crimean Tatars, a native ethnic group who had only recently returned to their homeland, having previously been forcefully and brutally displaced by the Soviet Union in 1944.

One of the principal coercive acts was the illegal detention and concomitant violence before, during, and after the imprisonment of political prisoners. Most of those detained were arrested by Russian and Crimean authorities on terrorism charges, but it was their legal, pro-Ukrainian advocacy that led to their imprisonment. In addition, trials of those arbitrarily detained were conducted in wholesale disregard of their fair trial rights. For example, some of those illegally imprisoned were denied a speedy trial, access to independent lawyers, and the opportunity to defend themselves against their arrest in a courtroom.

In order to force those illegally detained to confess to crimes they did not commit, Russian and Crimean authorities also perpetrated acts of torture and cruel or degrading treatment, the levying of additional charges against them, even more inhumane prison conditions, denial of communications with their families and threats made against them, enforced disappearances, and even, in at least one case, a mock execution.

Other inhumane acts include “punitive psychiatry” and the denial of adequate prison conditions, including the following: (i) feeding people inedible food or, at times, no food at all; (ii) facing severe overcrowding in prisons; (iii) denial of regular water supply; (iv) threats of assault against them by prison cellmates; and (v) adding pork to food – prohibited for observant Muslims. Further, medical attention was systematically inadequate or denied for many individuals.

Concerning acts of torture, it was perpetrated by different Russian authorities, including the FSB. Allegations include the use of electric shocks in an effort to get an accused to confess. One was beaten in the head, kidneys, arms and legs with an iron pipe. With another, fingers were broken. Still another endured spinal bruises and having a plastic bag placed over his head to the point of unconsciousness. Further, threats of sexual violence against a detained man were made. Murder as well. Hands were broken, teeth were knocked out in still another.

Trials were largely held behind closed doors for illegitimate reasons, and many of the witnesses were secret not only to the public but also to the Accused. Further, credible allegations exist that, at times, there were FSB or other agents in the room, silently instructing witnesses what to say and how the judges should rule. This adds credence to words, according to the Kyiv Post, heard by Arsen Dzhepparov from a senior FSB lieutenant who stated “I will prove by all possible – and impossible – means that [an Accused is] guilty – even if he isn’t guilty”.

Concerning the crime of persecution, nearly all of these deprivations of fundamental rights were carried out with discriminatory intent. Specifically, these groups were targeted due to their political view – namely, by peacefully opposing the illegal occupation of their country. Some were targeted on ethnic grounds or religious grounds on the basis of their Crimean Tatar background.

War crimes, another group of crimes punished at the ICC, were also perpetrated in addition to or in the alternative to the crimes against humanity. This includes the crime of torture, outrages against personal dignity, unlawful confinement, wilfully depriving protected persons of the rights of a fair and regular trial, and the transfer of the occupying power of parts of its population into the territory it occupies or the deportation of all or parts of the population of the occupied territory within or outside this territory.

All these crimes had the ultimate objective of the criminal enterprise – the removal of pro-Ukrainian elements out of Crimea and the annexation of Crimea into the Russian Federation without opposition, including the installation of pro-Russian elements, which include the emigration of more than 70,000 Russians, the illegal imposition of Russian law in the occupied territory, forcing Russian nationality on many Crimeans, and the appropriation of public property.

Ultimately, we hope that all the information gathered by the ICC in the context of its preliminary investigation will lead the ICC to investigate mid- to high-level Russian and Crimean officials on this basis. The international community expects responsible global leadership that follows the rule of law and expects it – no matter the situation – to be respected, especially from a state that is a permanent member of the UN Security Council. When this fails to happen, the international community must demand accountability. We hope that an investigation can be opened and responsible officials of the Russian Federation will be investigated. After an investigation that conforms to international best practices, responsible persons should be charged with the systematic perpetration of international crimes.

Novichok Use Implicates Putin’s Government in Navalny’s Poisoning

Sep 02 2020

Today, the German government has announced that Russian pro-democracy leader Alexey Navalny was poisoned by Novichok. Novichok is a deadly nerve agent developed by the Soviet government chemical weapons program and used on several occasions by the Russian government to kill its critics in the recent years.

To restate the obvious, Novichok is a poison that can only be accessed with the authority of the Kremlin. Therefore, today’s announcement by German officials  directly implicates the Kremlin and Putin in the high-profile assassination attempt on Navalny.

The choice of Novichok was not just a means  to silence Mr. Navalny, but a loud, brazen and menacing message sent by Putin to the world: dare to criticize me, and you may lose your life.

The announcement by the German government of its intent to formally notify the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (‘OPCW’) of the use of Novichok against Navalny is a meek bureaucratic half-measure that fails to acknowledge the extraordinary threat to human life posed by Putin’s regime everywhere. Taken together with Angela Merkel’s promise earlier this week to help Putin finish his Nord Stream 2 pipeline despite an international outcry amounts to condoning the poisoning and normalizing it into a new modus operandi where Putin’s murders go unpunished. Free Russia Foundation urges the leaders of the EU, its Member States and the U.S. Government to take an urgent and drastic action to punish the perpetrators of this heinous crime not only to serve justice, but to establish a powerful deterrent against new attacks by Putin’s regime globally.

Free Russia Foundation Statement on Kremlin’s Interference in Elections in Georgia

Aug 26 2020

We are deeply concerned with information recently distributed by the well-respected authoritative source Center “Dossier.” According to “Dossier,” the Kremlin is using Russian political expert Sergey Mikheev and consulting company “Politsecrets” to manipulate Georgian society, distribute disinformation and anti-democratic narratives, undermine Georgia’s Western aspirations, and interfere in free and fair elections in Georgia scheduled for October 2020.

More

Free Russia Foundation Calls for Investigation into Alexey Navalny’s Poisoning

Aug 20 2020

Free Russia Foundation is gravely concerned about the life and safety of Alexey Navalny. More

Civic Solidarity Platform Appeal with Regard to the Recent Events in Belarus

Aug 12 2020

INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY SHOULD REACT IMMEDIATELY AND STRONGLY TO RIGGED PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS AND MASSIVE VIOLENCE OF SECURITY FORCES AGAINST PEACEFUL PROTESTORS IN BELARUS More